In summer the river dries up a little and becomes green because of the water lilies, and in winter the water swells up a few metres and changes to amazing emerald colours. The beauty of its setting is quite staggering – sheer cliffs surround this old town on all sides, and tiny farming communities dot the valleys below. Fragments of pottery found in the area date as far back as 800 BC, though it wasn’t until the sixth century that the Byzantine Empire created what you see today. It’s now cordoned off as luxury accommodation, but never mind – all the tourist brochure shots are taken from the road anyway, and you can do the same for free.
The Old Town dates back to the third millennium BC and has been occupied principally by the Romans, Byzantines and the Venetians. The Venetians built the ramparts during the medieval period. You can still see evidence of these occupations throughout the Old Town.
The local population spoke a Venetian dialect until the early 19th century when the Austro-Hungarian Empire under the Habsburg Monarchy took control until 1918. Between the Venetian and Austrian occupations, Napoleon tried his luck for a short time (1807 to 1813) but was defeated eventually. We may earn commission when you click on links in this article, but this doesn’t influence our editorial standards. We only recommend services that we genuinely believe will enhance your travel experiences. If you prefer to plan and book your trip to the Montenegro without any effort and hassle, use the expertise of our local travel experts to make sure your trip will be just like you dream it to be.